Scope and Content
The Harry A. Garfield Personal and Professional Papers, 1880-1934 document the personal and professional activities of Harry A. Garfield. The collection comprises correspondence, notes, diaries, speeches, reports, clippings and ephemera. The bulk of this material was created during Garfield's tenure as Williams College President, 1908-1934 and U.S. Fuel Administrator, 1917-1919. The correspondence was received either at the president's office in Hopkins Hall or the U.S. Fuel Administration office in Washington D.C. Replies were dictated and carbon copies retained. Files are arranged alphabetically by correspondent or major subject and chronologically within. In instances where files were found loose or material was removed from the Presidents' Papers, order was necessarily imposed.
Series I. Personal Papers (1880-1934)
Sub-series A. Correspondence comprises friendly letters to and from friends made through professional contacts, personal business correspondence, genealogical information (the Ballou Family Association, for example), diary excerpts. Correspondents include Lady Nancy Astor, Viscount Lord James Bryce, Lady Mary Lyell, Mary B. Eggers, Huntington Gilchrist and Dr. B.H. Ragle (Garfield's physician).
Sub-series B. Notebooks contains Garfield's notebooks from St. Paul's School and Williams College between the years 1879 and 1885, as well as weekly reports from the Emerson Institute, programs from St. Paul's School, postcards, and a diary from 1881. Diary entries of particular interest are those that detail Garfield's recollection of his father's election and inauguration 1880-1881.
Series II. Professional Papers (1909-1934)
Subseries A. Organizations consists of correspondence from a variety of professional organizations. Garfield was invited to join many organizations and serve on various committees. Most of these invitations came after Garfield's term as U.S. Fuel Administrator when he had achieved national prominence. Garfield often allowed his name to be used for influence but was actively involved in a relatively small number of organizations. These organizations included the League to Enforce Peace, The American Foundation, League of Nations Non-Partisan Association, American Political Science Association, the American University Union in Europe, and the Chamber of Commerce of the United States Immigration Committee. The Immigration Committee material is the most extensive including meeting minutes and a large amount of supplementary material. The committee was actively involved in the issue of immigration quotas in the early 1920's.
Subseries B. Lecture Notes and Materials consists of lecture notes, exams and supplementary material used in courses offered at Princeton University, 1903-1908, and Williams College, 1908-1922. Garfield taught Government by Party, 1903-1908, and Government of Dependencies, 1905-1908, at Princeton University. He either taught or co-taught the following courses at Williams College: Government in the United States, 1909-1910, Municipal Government, 1913-1917, and American National Problems, 1919-1922. Garfield discontinued his teaching duties when he became involved with the Institute of Politics.
Subseries C. Lost Visions Manuscript includes an incomplete typed copy of Lost Visions pp. 1-159, 203-211, 222-227, an edited copy of the first two pages, an edited copy of the Introduction and a letter from Ailene Bauer with Garfield's notations. In this text, Garfield provided an analysis of the rise and decline of Asian nations. Garfield's insight on the topic resulted from a trip to the Far East in 1934 and his involvement with the Institute of Politics. The complete manuscript was published posthumously in 1944.
Series III. U.S. Fuel Administration (1917-1923)
Subseries A. Personal Correspondence consists of correspondence that was received at Garfield's office in Washington D.C., 1917-1919. Much of the correspondence provides insight into Garfield family activity during World War I. Family news and war news from sons and nephews are shared with siblings and friends. Stanton's service with the French Army, Mason's farm in Concord, Lucretia's scarlet fever, family investments, Mother Garfield's illness and death are among the topics discussed. Garfield used whatever influence he had in Washington to help friends obtain war positions or information from overseas. This can be seen in correspondence with James Milner Coit and Samuel Van Vranken Holmes. The remaining correspondence is mostly inquiries regarding President James A. Garfield.
Subseries B. General comprises correspondence, notes, reports, speeches and newsclippings. The bulk of this material regards the closure of the Fuel Administration and related issues. The balance includes correspondence and records retained by Garfield for personal reference, inquiries regarding the work of the Administration and letters and notes dealing with the 1919 coal strike. Noteworthy documents in this subseries include: original memoranda from President Woodrow Wilson, various speeches given by Garfield as Fuel Administrator, a telegram from Herbert Hoover asking Garfield to serve on the Price Committee, and Garfield's diary of events leading up to his resignation as Fuel Administrator in December 1919.
Subseries C. George E. Howes Correspondence involves post Fuel Administration matters, which were handled from Howes' office at Williams College. Howes was responsible for compiling the Report of the Administrative Division Part I published in 1920 and the mailing of certificates of service to former employees.