Biographical Chronology

1831 November 19, born in Orange Township, Cuyahoga County, OH
1848 works as a canal boat tow boy on the Ohio and Pennsylvania Canal
1849 attends Geauga Seminary in Chester, OH
1851 enters Western Reserve Eclectic Institute in Hiram, OH (now Hiram College)
1854 graduates from the Eclectic Institute and enrolls in Williams College
1856 graduates from Williams College with honors
1857 appointed 'Chairman' of the Eclectic Institute faculty
1858 appointed President of the Eclectic Institute
1858 marries Lucretia Rudolph
1859 wins election to state senate
1861 serves as Colonel of the 42d Ohio Volunteer Infantry
1862 promoted to the rank of brigadier general
1862 elected to Congress
1863 appointed chief of staff for Gen. Rosecrans
1863 promoted to rank of major general
1863 takes seat in the 38th Congress
1871 assumes leadership of the House Committee on Appropriations
1873 named in the Credit Mobilier scandal
1880 campaigns for president November 2, election day
1881 March 4, inauguration day
1881 July 2, shot by Charles Guiteau
1881 September 19, dies at Elbaron, NJ
1890 Garfield Memorial, Lakeview Cemetery in Cleveland, is dedicated

For more complete biographical details, consult one of the biographies of James A. Garfield.

James A. Garfield (1831-1881) Collection, 1853-1890, 1951

James A. Garfield