Series Description

Series I.

Samuel Chapman Armstrong's Papers are subdivided into four sub-series: Hawaii, Civil War/Freedman's Bureau, Hampton, and Personal Papers.

The Hawaii materials, 1850-1929, include correspondence to Armstrong regarding his friends, including former Punahou schoolmates, missionary activities and Hawaiian political affairs. Other materials include Armstrong's essays written while a student, publications, a scrapbook and clippings of Hawaiian political, social and religious affairs, numerous articles regarding Hawaiian royalty, and miscellaneous pamphlets and publications regarding Hawaiian schools and missionary activities.

The Civil War/Freedman's Bureau materials, 1862-1892, comprise primarily correspondence with friends and colleagues regarding Armstrong's military career. A significant portion is correspondence from veterans who served in his unit regarding their association, plans for a reunion in Troy, New York, as well as several requests for Armstrong's assistance in securing pensions. Also included are military papers and orders, statistics compiled for the Freedman's Bureau, miscellaneous invitations, programs and pamphlets relating to veterans of the Civil War.

Hampton material, 1860-1937, is the largest sub-series of the Armstrong Papers and reflects the degree to which the Institute's affairs permeated all aspects of Armstrong's life. Comprising correspondence, financial and administrative material, and collected programs, pamphlets and articles, the sub-series is a diverse accumulation of material. Correspondence includes discussions of routine financial and personnel concerns, fundraising, speaking engagements, donations and the overall operation of the school. There are letters from individuals wishing to attend Hampton and from graduates regarding employment or loans. Of note among the correspondence are items reflecting Armstrong's active and ongoing interest in the American missionary movement and the "Indian Question," the latter resulting in the establishment of a program at Hampton for the education of Native Americans. In addition, copies of letters from Booker T. Washington, an important African American educator, social reformer and protege of Armstrong, document Washington's experiences while establishing the Tuskegee Institute.

Personal Papers, 1855-1902, comprises correspondence from family and close personal friends, and several folders of manuscript, financial and collected materials. Correspondence from Armstrong's wife and siblings is primarily concerned with family matters, health and financial concerns. Armstrong's letters to his wives, Emma and Mary Alice, may be found in the series reflecting the lives of those women.

II. Emma Walker Armstrong
III. Mary Alice Ford Armstrong
IV. William and Louise Scoville
V. Edith Armstrong Talbot
VI. Richard and Clarissa Chapman Armstrong
VII. George and Harriet Hull Walker
VIII. Daniel and Frances Walker Williams
IX. Armstrong family
X. Walker/Williams family
XI. Photographs