The Laws of Williams College, 1795

Chap. VI. - Of the Officers of College; their Duty and Power.

I. The President shall constantly reside at Williamstown, and, unless necessarily prevented, shall pray in the College Hall, morning and evening, and read some portion of the Old Testament in the morning, and of the New in the evening, when there is no theological exercise; or expound some portion of Scripture, or discourse on some religious subject, as shall appear to him most useful, when he can conveniently attend it. When the President cannot attend prayers, the Tutors and the Preceptor of the Grammar School, shall, in their turns, by course, pray in the College Hall, and read some portion of Scripture.

II. The executive authority is vested in the President and Tutors; and the President, with the assistance of the Tutors, has power to govern and direct the Students, both Graduates & Undergraduates, & to regulate the course of instruction, and all matters which belong to the executive department, according to the laws and rules established by the Corporation.

III. The President, with the advice of the standing Committee of the Corporation, shall have power to employ from time to time, a proper person as sweeper and bed maker in College, and to allow him a reasonable sum for his services, payable by the Treasurer; and also to employ a person to set the Glass that is broken, and make other small necessary repairs, quarterly or oftener, as they shall think proper.

IV. The President and Tutors shall constantly, diligently and faithfully, according to the best of their abilities, instruct the Students of the several Classes, in the several Languages, Arts and Sciences, which constitute the course of liberal education in this College; they shall superintend their manners and morals, encourage them in their studies and in the practice of virtue, advise, reprove, warn and punish them, agreeably to the rules and laws established by the Corporation.

V. The Vice-President, in case of the death or resignation of the President, shall be vested with his authority, and discharge the duties of his office, till another President is elected.

VI. The Tutors shall frequently visit the Chambers of the Students, as well in studying hours as at other times, to encourage and assist them in their literary pursuits, to promote in them a regular conduct, to see that their Chambers are kept clean and in good order, and that they are constantly in them, and employed in study, in studying hours.

VII. The Preceptor of the Grammar School is vested with the authority of a Tutor in the government of College and the Grammar School.

VIII. The Chambers in College shall be disposed of to the Graduates, Undergraduates, and Scholars of the Grammar School, at the discretion of the President and Tutors. And no one shall live in any Chamber, but the one assigned him.

IX. The Monitors shall be appointed by the President and Tutors, and a proper allowance for their services shall be made them by the Corporation.

X. A suitable person, who is either a Freshman or a Scholar in the Grammar School, shall be appointed by the President to ring the Bell, and he shall have fourteen shillings quarterly for his services; which sum, by an order from the President, shall be allowed him by the Treasurer, in the settlement of his Quarter- Bills.

XI. The President, with the advice of the standing Committee, is empowered to convene the Corporation, whenever, in their opinion, it is expedient or necessary.

XII. As Scholars may be guilty of disorders or misdemeanors, against which no express provision is made in these laws, a discretionary or parental authority must necessarily be lodged with the President and Tutors. Therefore where no Statute is particularly provided for a case that may occur, they are to exercise this discretionary authority, and to punish by fine, admonition, suspension, or rustication, according to the nature and aggravation of the offence.

XIII. The President shall keep a fair record of the Judicial proceedings of the Executive Government of College, stating the crimes committed, and the fines and other punishments inflicted; and the same shall be laid before the Corporation, whenever they desire it.