The Laws of Williams College, 1795

Chap. III. - Of Misdemeanors and Criminal offences.

[sections XVII-XXVIII]

XVII. Whereas crimes may be committed, which by the Laws, are punishable by one or other the public censures, and so many Students may be agents or actors in, or abettors of the same, that it will be inexpedient to punish all concerned, it shall, in all such cases, be lawful for the President and Tutors, to select such and so many of the offenders for punishment, as they shall judge necessary for the preservation of good order; regard at all times being had to the degree of the offence, and the general character and past behaviour of the persons thus selected.

XVIII. If any Scholar shall be guilty of lying, he may be fined not exceeding two shillings; and if he persist in the course of falsehood, he shall make a public confession, be suspended or rusticated.

XIX. If any Scholar being thereunto required, shall, except in cases where he may criminate himself, refuse to give evidence, respecting the breach of any College laws, or shall falsify therein upon examination, before the President, or either of the Tutors, every such offender shall be punished by fine not exceeding six shillings, or by admonition, a public confession, suspension, or rustication.

XX. The President or any of the Tutors, may require suitable assistance, from any Scholar or Scholars, for the preservation of the good order of College; and if any one, so required, shall refuse or neglect to give his assistance, it shall be looked upon as a high misdemeanor, and a great contempt of the authority of College, and punished by admonition, a public confession, suspension, or rustication.

XXI. If any Student shall refuse or neglect to come, when sent for by the President or a Tutor, or shall otherwise be guilty of contempt of the lawful authority of College, he shall be fined not exceeding five shillings, or be punished by admonition, a public confession, suspension, or rustication, according to the aggravation of the offence.

XXII. Fines not exceeding one shilling may be imposed by a Tutor; not exceeding five shillings, by the President; and all above five shillings, by the President and Tutors at a meeting.

XXIII. Admonitions, public confessions, suspensions, rustications, and expulsions, shall be determined by the President and Tutors. Suspensions shall not be for a longer term than three months, nor rustications, than six. -- Every suspended person shall immediately leave the College or Grammar School, and the Town of Williamstown, unless his Parent or Guardian resides in it, and repair home to his Parent or Guardian with a letter from the President, stating the crime or crimes for which he is suspended. Every rusticated person shall, in like manner, leave the College and town of Williamstown, and shall pursue his studies under such person as the President and Tutors shall direct. If he refuses to go and pursue his studies under the person directed to by the President and Tutors, he shall be deemed to have dismembered himself from College, and be considered in the situation of a person expelled. The suspended Scholar, upon his application for re-admission, shall, if he is a member of College, produce satisfactory testimonials from the person under whom his parent or guardian has placed him, and the rusticated Scholar, from the person under whom the President and Tutors had placed him, of his good behavior during his absence; and he shall be examined by the President and Tutors in the several branches of Science, the Class shall have studied after his suspension or rustication; and if there has been a public examination of the Class during his absence, he shall be examined also in all the studies in which the Class were examined. If it appear to the examiners that he has pursued his studies with diligence, he shall be re-admitted into his own Class; but, if otherwise, he shall be further suspended or rusticated; at the expiration of which term, if he is not qualified for admission into his own Class, he shall be degraded into the next.

XXIV. If any Scholar shall have a public censure passed upon him, less than rustication, and at the time when, or immediately after the censure is inflicted shall insult the government of College, he shall be rusticated; if the censure was rustication, he shall be expelled for such insult. And if any Student shall be guilty of offering an insult to the government at the time of, or consequent upon their inflicting a public censure upon one of his fellow Students, he shall be punished by suspension, rustication or expulsion, according to the degree and aggravation of the insult.

XXV. If any Scholar shall have any censure passed upon him, less in degree than suspension, or rustication, and shall thereupon, without leave regularly obtained, absent himself from College; or if any Scholar from resentment at any punishment whatsoever, of his fellow Students, shall absent himself without leave, as aforesaid, from College; in every such case, such Scholar, so absenting, shall be deemed to have renounced his relation to College; and shall not be again admitted or received, without the express vote of the President and Tutors, upon application made for that purpose; provided, that if, upon application, the consent of the President and Tutors shall be denied, an appeal may lie to the Corporation.

XXVI. No Scholar (or his parent or guardian in his behalf) shall exhibit to any other authority, than that of the College, a complaint against any of the Governors, or resident members thereof, for any injury cognizable by the authority of College, before he has sought for redress to the President and Tutors; and, in case of their denying him relief, to the Corporation; and if any Scholar, or his parent or guardian for him, shall, without such application made, or contrary to the determination of the Corporation, carry said complaint to any other authority, such Scholar shall forthwith be expelled [from] the College.

XXVII. In case of any heavy censure, as suspension, rustication, or expulsion, inflicted on any Scholar, he, if he is of age, and has no Parent living, or his Parent or Guardian, in his behalf, may apply to the President and Tutors for a rehearing; if they refuse, or after a rehearing, do not grant the desired relief, he or they may present a petition to the Corporation; but no such petition shall be received by the Corporation till after the aforesaid application for a rehearing has been made to the President and Tutors. Which petition being presented to the President, he shall thereupon notify the Trustees thereof, and appoint a time for hearing and determining on the said petition within four weeks thereafter. And it shall be the duty of the Trustees to attend for that purpose accordingly. Provided, that in case a stated meeting of the President and Trustees shall be to be holden within two months from the time of presenting said petition, the same shall be heard and determined at said meeting, and provided also that such Petitioner shall give bond to the Treasurer, with sufficient surety or sureties, to pay all costs attending the same, in case the sentence of the President and Tutors shall not be revoked.

XXVIII. No public censure, as suspension, rustication, or expulsion, shall be remitted by the Corporation till after a full and joint hearing before them and the President and Tutors; nor shall any expelled person ever be restored within a year after his expulsion; nor shall he then be restored to his own Class, but degraded to the next.